La movilización cognitiva y la dinámica de la participación política entre los migrantes intraeuropeos

Antonio Alaminos, Clemente Penalva, Luca Raffini, Óscar Santacreu

Resumen

La participación política no convencional se ha extendido intensamente debido al cambio cultural y social, favoreciendo el proceso de desinstitucionalización de la política. Para comprobar si existe un vínculo entre esta difusión de la participación no convencional y la movilidad de los europeos que viven en otros países europeos, hemos explorado los datos recopilados por el proyecto europeo MOVEACT, incluyendo los datos sobre el comportamiento político de los "viejos europeos" (Británicos y alemanes), y de los "nuevos europeos” (polacos y rumanos), todos ellos residentes en Grecia, Francia, Italia y España. Nuestro análisis ha confirmado que hay una pluralidad de variables que intervienen en la relación entre las personas que experimentan esta movilidad internacional europea (“EU movers”) y la participación política no convencional. Existen tres dimensiones relevantes para explicar la participación política no convencional en esta movilidad interna europea: integración social, contexto situacional y características individuales. Por otro lado, se observa que el aspecto clave para entender la participación no convencional de estos “UE movers” es el grado de movilización política cognitiva. Junto a ésta aparecen otros factores como son la pertenencia a asociaciones, la socialización familiar, las expectativas de vivir en el país de residencia en el futuro o la cultura política en el país de origen.

Palabras clave

Movilidad; Participación; Ciudadanía Europea; Movilización Cognitiva, Socialización Política

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/OBETS2018.13.2.01





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