OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales

Evaluación de impacto social: una propuesta metodológica orientada a la gestión proactiva de proyectos

Antonio Aledo, Pablo Aznar-Crespo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/OBETS2021.16.2.02

Resumen

Este trabajo aborda los principales déficits conceptuales y metodológicos de la Evaluación de Impacto Social (EIS) en el ámbito latinoamericano. Este campo de estudio no ha consensuado las bases paradigmáticas que ordenan su diseño y práctica. A fin de asentar su conceptualización, proponemos un análisis de las características ontológicas, epistemológicas y axiológicas de los dos principales paradigmas en EIS. Tales déficits conceptuales han comprometido el desarrollo metodológico de esta especialidad. Realizamos una propuesta metodológica aplicada de EIS que recoge las principales fases, métodos y técnicas. Esta propuesta está orientada a la gestión proactiva de los impactos sociales provocados por proyectos.

Palabras clave

evaluación de impacto social; metodología; Latinoamérica; conflicto; gobernanza

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/OBETS2021.16.2.02





Copyright (c) 2021 Antonio Aledo, Pablo Aznar-Crespo

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