OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales

La ‘aldea urbana’ frente a la ‘ciudad del lucro’: cuestionando el concepto de ‘NIMBY’ mediante un análisis comparativo de la turistificación en Lisboa y Madrid

Begoña Aramayona Quintana, Susana Batel

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/OBETS2022.17.1.03

Resumen

Las ciudades del sur de Europa se enfrentan a los retos asociados a la reciente aparición de las economías formales e informales de la “ciudad turística” y son escenario de diversas tensiones sociales. Las protestas locales contra estos cambios, a veces desacreditadas como NIMBY –Not In My Backyard– han provocado conflictos con los visitantes y las administraciones públicas locales. Sin embargo, en la literatura se encuentran a menudo definiciones difusas de los grupos que organizan estas protestas, así como de las condiciones urbanas previas para sus acciones y de los impactos de las mismas. Este artículo presenta un análisis comparativo de las protestas en el barrio portugués de Bairro Alto (Lisboa) y en el barrio español de La Latina (Madrid), con el fin de explorar cómo la apropiación moral y las “narrativas de pertenencia” en torno a los lugares se ponen en juego de forma diversa para legitimar y/o impugnar los cambios urbanos. También reflexionamos sobre los beneficios y los peligros de construir identidades locales fuertes frente al turismo global contemporáneo que llega a las ciudades del sur de Europa.

Palabras clave

Turismo; protesta; Nimby; Europa del Sur; narrativas de pertenencia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/OBETS2022.17.1.03





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