¿Cómo estudiar la calidad institucional en los sistemas de I+D y educación superior?: marco de análisis y estrategia de investigación empírica

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14198/obets.24686

Palabras clave:

instituciones, organizaciones, calidad institucional, universidades, organismos públicos de investigación, I+D, sistemas de innovación, análisis comparativo

Resumen

Este artículo propone un marco analítico y una metodología para investigar el funcionamiento de la calidad institucional en las universidades y los centros públicos de investigación de un país o área geográfica. La calidad institucional se define como un conjunto de rasgos de las instituciones que influyen en su funcionamiento y que condicionan el cumplimiento de las misiones para las que han sido creadas. Comprende varias dimensiones: condiciones contextuales relacionadas con aspectos socioeconómicos y legales (autonomía y burocracia), de carácter interno (meritocracia, intereses y grupos organizados) y externo (proactividad, innovación y alianzas con actores influyentes). La principal asunción de partida es que las configuraciones específicas de estos condicionantes inciden en la gobernanza y en el desempeño de las instituciones. El artículo contribuye a la elaboración de una teoría de alcance medio que ayude a estudiar empíricamente cuáles son los factores de carácter sociológico que explican los resultados de un sistema de producción de conocimiento en su conjunto. Ayuda a contrastar hipótesis habituales sobre la calidad institucional y ofrece recomendaciones metodológicas para observar y comparar conjuntos complejos de instituciones.

Financiación

Este trabajo ha sido posible gracias a las <<Ayudas para la Formación del Profesorado Universitario>> (FPU, Ministerio de Educación del Gobierno de España) [Ref. FPU17/05012] y al Proyecto <<INNOQUAL>> financiado por el Plan Estatal de I+D+i del Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades [Ref. CS02017-88354-R].

Citas

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25-07-2023

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Fernández Esquinas, M., & Espinosa Soriano, P. (2023). ¿Cómo estudiar la calidad institucional en los sistemas de I+D y educación superior?: marco de análisis y estrategia de investigación empírica. OBETS. Revista De Ciencias Sociales, 18(2), 281–304. https://doi.org/10.14198/obets.24686

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