Estudio empírico de los efectos sociales del COVID-19 en género y generaciones: percepciones científicas para futuras políticas públicas

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14198/obets.25565

Palabras clave:

Género, Generaciones, COVID-19, Políticas Públicas, Análisis Clúster K-de Medias, Análisis de Correspondencias Múltiples

Resumen

La gestión de la sociedad durante la pandemia del COVID-19 ha servido de base para su próxima y futura consolidación. La Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible de la ONU establece 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) que buscan satisfacer las necesidades presentes sin comprometer las de las generaciones futuras, destacando la igualdad de género en el Objetivo 5. Este artículo presenta un estudio de análisis cruzado sobre cómo la crisis sanitaria ha afectado de manera diferente el comportamiento social entre géneros y generaciones en España. Se han utilizado datos abiertos del Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (CIS) y se ha aplicado una metodología de técnicas mixtas para estudiar cuatro dimensiones del impacto social: «modo de vivir», «modo de pensar», «modo de autocuidado de la salud» y «hábitos y comportamientos sociales». Estas técnicas analíticas se han sustentado en la gestión de género y generaciones durante la pandemia, complementándose entre sí. Los hallazgos obtenidos explican las diferencias en los efectos de la pandemia entre hombres y mujeres, y entre generaciones jóvenes y mayores, lo que tiene implicaciones para la gestión de la sociedad y puede servir como fundamento científico para las próximas políticas públicas.

Citas

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29-01-2024

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Antonovica, A., de Esteban Curiel, J., Sánchez Morales, M. del R., & Sarmiento Guede, J. R. (2024). Estudio empírico de los efectos sociales del COVID-19 en género y generaciones: percepciones científicas para futuras políticas públicas. OBETS. Revista De Ciencias Sociales, 19(1), 33–52. https://doi.org/10.14198/obets.25565

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